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Commands.

13 Dec

A command is an imperative statement. One person orders another to do something. It can be preceded by please. The understood subject is you. Use the simple form of the verb.

  • Close the door.
  • Leave the room
  • Open your book
  • Be quite.

There are 3 types of commands:

* Negative commands: A negative command is formed by adding the word don’t  before the verb.

  • Don’t close the door.
  • Please don’t turn off the light
  • Don’t open the window.

* Indirect commands: Usually the verbs order, ask, tell, or say are used to indicate an indirect command. They are followed by the infinitive (to+verb).

  • John told Mary to close the door.
  • Jack asked Jill to turn off the light.
  • The teacher told Christopher to open the window.
  • Please tell Jaime to leave the room.
  • John ordered Bill to open his book.
  • The policeman ordered the suspect to be quiet.

*Negative indirect commands: To make an indirect command negative, add the particle not before the infinitive. Look at the following formula:

Subject + Verb + Complement + not + (verb in infinitive).

  • John told Mary not to close the door.
  • Jack askednot to turn off the light.
  • The teacher told Christopher not to open the window.
  • Please tell Jaime not to leave the room.
  • John ordered  Bill not to open  his book.

 
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Posted by on December 13, 2011 in English Lessons & Exercises

 

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