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Information Questions.

17 Nov

These are questions for which the answer is more than YES or NO; there must be some information in the answer.  There are three different rules in this part: (apabila dalam sebuah pertanyataan dibutuhkan jawaban lebih dari sekedar menjawab YES atau NO saja, maka terdapat 3 (tiga) rules yang berbeda).

I.   Who or what in subject questions: A subject question is one in which the subject is unknown. (Dalam hal subject tidak diketahui maka dipakailah bentuk question dengan who atau what.)

(who/what) + verb + (complement) + (modifier)

  • Who opened the door?  — Someone opened the door.
  • What happened last night?  —  Something happened last night.

Note: It is NOT CORRECT to say: Who did open the door?

What did happen last night?

II. Whom and what in complement questions: A complement question is one in which the complement is unknown.  (dalam keterangan tambahan tidak diketahui maka digunakan kata tanya whom dan what).

          (whom/what)+(auxiliary/do, does, did) + subject +  verb + (modifier) 

Note: Although in speech, most people use WHO rather than WHOM in these questions, in correct written English, you should use WHO to indicate that the question word comes from the complement position. (Catatan: Walaupun dalam percakapan kebanyakan orang memakai kata WHO dibandingkan dengan WHOM dalam kalimat tanya ini, namun dalam tata bahasa Inggris yang benar WHO harus digunakan untuk menunjukkan kata tanya tersebut berasal dari posisinya sebagai keterangan tambahan dalam sebuah kalimat).

  • Ahmad knows someone from Venezuela  — Whom does ahmad know from Venezuele?
  • George bought something at the store. What did George buy at the store?

III. When, where, how, and why questions: These questions are formed the same as complement questions:

(when/where/how/why) + auxiliary + subject + verb + (complement) + (modifier).

  • When did Kpjm ,pve tp New York?
  • Where does Mohammad live?
  • Why did Maria get to school today?
  • Where has Henry gone?
  • When will Bertha go back to Mexico?

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Source: Cliffs NOTEs.

 
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Posted by on November 17, 2011 in English Lessons & Exercises

 

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