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The Verb Need.

30 Oct

The verb need is followed by the infinitive only if a living thing is the subject.  If a thing (an animate object) is the subject of this verb, the verb is followed by a gerund or the verb be  plus the past participle. (Apabila subject merupakan benda hidup, maka kata kerja NEED diikuti oleh bentuk kata asal — infinitive.  Apabila objek benda mati sebagai subject, maka kata kerjas tsb. harus diikuti oleh GERUND atau kata kerja BE + bentuk ketiga (past participle).

Look at the formula: 

LIVING THING AS SUBJECT + (VERB IN INFINITIVE)

  • John and his brother need  to paint the house.
  • My friend needs to learn Spanish.
  • He will need to drive  alone tonight.

THING AS SUBJECT + (VERB + ING)  or

                                                 + (TO BE + (VERB IN PAST PARTICIPLE)

  • The grass needs cuttingOR: The grass needs  to be cut.
  • The television needs repairing; OR: The television needs to be repaired.
  • The composition needs   rewriting; OR: The composition needs to be rewritten.

In need of — It is also possible to use the expression in need of  in some cases instead of using need as a verb. Because need is not a verb in this case, it must be preceded by the verb BE. Study the following: (Dalam beberapa hal bisa juga dipakai in need of sebagai pengganti menggunakan need  —  karena NEED disini bukan sebagai kata kerja jadi harus didahului oleh kata kerja BE. Perhatikan formula yang berikut ini):

SUBJECT + BE + IN NEED OF + NOUN.

  • Jill is   in need of  money. (Jill needs money).  
  • The roof is  in need of  repair. (The roof needs to be repaired).
  • The Organization is  in need of  volunteers. (The Organization needs volunteers).

E n j o y     y o u r    d a y.

 
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Posted by on October 30, 2011 in English Lessons & Exercises

 

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