Pronouns before the gerund or infinitive.

28 Oct

In cases where the infinitive is used as a complement, any noun or pronoun directly preceding it will be in the complement form.  (Dalam hal bentuk infinitive dipakai sebagai “keterangan pelengkap”, maka setiap kata benda atau kata ganti yang langsung mendahului kata benda tersebut haruslah dalam bentuk “keterangan pelengkap”.

Here is the formula:

Subject + verb + complement form (noun/pronoun) + (to + verb)

Some common verbs which are followed by the infinitive and which often require an indirect object are listed below:

  • allow
  • invite
  • remind
  • ask
  • order
  • urge
  • beg
  • permit
  • want
  • convince
  • persuade
  • expect
  • prepare
  • instruct
  • promise

Examples of sentences:

  • John asked Mary to call him when she woke up.
  • We ordered him to appear in court.
  • I urge you to reconsider your decision.
  • They were trying to persuade him to change his mind.
  • The teacher permitted them to turn their assignments in late.
  • You should prepare your son to take this examination.

Look  at the following note where you can identify which one is the COMPLEMENT

Subject          Verb          Complement          Modifier

John and I     ate                   a pizza                          last night.

We                     studied         present perfect         last week.


However, before the gerund, a noun or pronoun must appear in the possessive form.

Formula: subject + verb + possessive form (noun/pronoun) + (verb + ing)

Examples of sentences:

  • We understand your not being able to stay longer.
  • He regrets her leaving.
  • We are looking forward to their coming next year.
  • We don’t approve of John’s buying this house.
  • We the resent the teacher’s not announcing the test sooner.
  • We object to their calling at this hour.

h a v e    a   n i c e    s t u d y

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Posted by on October 28, 2011 in English Lessons & Exercises


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