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Adjectives followed by the infinitive.

28 Oct

The following adjectives are always followed by the infinitive form of the verb and never by the gerund:

  • anxious
  • eager
  • pleased
  • usual
  • boring
  • easy
  • prepared
  • common
  • dangerous
  • good
  • ready
  • difficult
  • hard
  • strange
  • able (*)

(*) Able means the same as capable  in many instances, but the grammar is very different.  While able is followed by the infinitive, capable is followed by of + (verb + ing), e.g.:

  1. These students are not yet able to handle such difficult problems.
  2. These students are not yet capable of handling such difficult problems.

 

Examples of adjectives followed by infinitive:

  • Mohammad is anxious to see  his family.
  • It is dangerous to drive in this weather.
  • We are ready to leave now.
  • It is difficult to pass this test.
  • It is uncommon to find such good crops in this section of the country.
  • Ritsuko was pleased to be admitted to the college.

Some verbs can be followed by either the infinitive or the gerund, but the meaning changes:

  1. stop
  2. remember
  3. forget

John stopped studying.  (John is not going to study anymore)

John stopped to study.  (John stopped doing something in order to study).

 

k e e p    s t u d y i n g.

 
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Posted by on October 28, 2011 in English Lessons & Exercises

 

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