Without my sharing with you something about Complement and Modifier, I am sure you’ve already known what they are. Just to ring you the bell below are some explanations:
Complement: A complement completes the verb. It is similar to the subject because it is usually a noun or noun phrase. Please note that every sentence does not require a complement. The complement CANNOT begin with a preposition. A complement answers the question what? or whom?
Examples of complements:
- John bought a cake yesterday (what did John buy?)
- Jill was driving a new car. (What was Jill driving?)
- He wants to drink some water (What does he want to drink?)
Modifier: A modifier tells the time, place, or manner of the action.
Note: Every sentence does not require a modifier. A modifier answers the question when? where? or how?
Examples of Modifiers:
- John bought a book at the bookstore (Where did John buy a book?) – modifier of place.
- Jill was swimming in the pool yesterday (Where was Jill swimming?) – modifier of place & modifier of time.
- He was driving very fast. (How was he driving?) – modifier of manner.
YOUR TASK: Please read all the examples several times. Enjoy reading them until your ears familiar with your voice and you can critize your voice immediately.
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