In my previous posting I did mention something about who am I. I am not an English teacher or an expert in English language. The reason for creating this blog is because I love English and I have an eagerness to keep my brain working as always by sharing what I have on my mind with you as well.
Even though what I am going to share with you is about tense — Present Simple — it doesn’t mean that you have to master tenses first to start with your spoken English. In a real conversation, actually, tenses are not so important — as long as people can understand you — it’s enough. While in written English, absolutely, you have at least to master a bit about tenses.
Look at the example of some sentences below: (An excerption from Kernell Lessons Students’ Book, by Robert O’Neill/Roy Kingsbury/Tony Yeadon)
Julia Frost works in a large office. Work starts at 9 but she often gets there late. She is five minutes late today. It is 5 past 9 (09.05). Two typists are talking about her.
“Does the manager know she often comes late?”
“No, he doesn’t. He often comes late too.!”
Please pay attention to the following explanations:
- Julia Frost workS (an S added to the verb because Julia is the 3rd personal singular)
- Work startS (an S also added to the verb because you could change “work” with “it”. (he/she/it = 3rd person singular).
- She IS five minutes late today. (IS=identified Present Simple for the 3rd personal singular).
- It IS 5 past 9 — (IS idenfied Present Simple)
- Two typists ARE talking about her. (ARE — plural form of TO BE (two typistS).
- After the words NEVER/OFTEN/ALWAYS verbs for the 3rd person singular needs to be added by S in Present Simple. (Does the manager know she OFTEN comeS late?”)