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Comparisons (Continuation – final).

05 Mar
Nouns can also be used in comparisons.  Be sure to use the determiners correctly depending on whether the adjectives are countable or non-coountable ( My free translations for you: Kata-kata benda juga bisa digunakan sebagai perbanding, tetapi harus hati-hati menggunakan kata menunjuk yang tepat, apakah adjective itu
“dapat” dihitung atau “tidak dapat” dihitung.
 
Look at the following formula:

subject + verb + as + {many/much/little/few} + noun + as + {noun/pronoun}

OR:

subject + verb + {more/fewer/less} + noun + than + {noun/pronoun}

Examples of sentences:

  • I have more books than she.
  • February has fewer days than March.
  • He earns as much money as his brother.
  • They have as few classes as we.
  • Before payday, I have as little money as my borther.

ILLOGICAL COMPARISONS:

An illogical comparisons is one in which unlike entities have been compared. Be sure that the items being compared are the same. These forms can be divided into three categories: possessives, that of  and those of. (Disebut perbandingan illogical karena membandingkan dua hal yang sama sekali berbeda. 

Compare the following sentences:

Incorrect: His drawings are as perfect as his instructor. (This sentence compares drawings with instructor.)

Correct: His drawings are as perfect as his instructor’s (instructor’s = instructor’s drawings.) (This sentence compares “his drawings” and “instructor’s drawings”. (Inilah kalimat yang benar karena yang dibandingkan adalah “lukisan-lukisannya” dan “lukisan-lukisan Istructor).

MORE EXAPLES OF SENTENCES OF ILLOGICAL COMPARISONS:

  1. The salary of a professor is higher than a secretary. (This sentence compares salary with secretary).
  2. The duties of a policeman are more dangeerous than a teacher. (This sentence compare duties with teacher.)

The correct sentences:

  1. The salary of a professor is higher than that of a secretary. (that of = the salary of).
  2. The duties of a policeman are more dangerous than those of a teacher (those of = the duties of).

Examples of logical comparisons:

  • John’s car runs better than Mary’s. (Mary’s = Mary’s car).
  • The climate in Florida is as mild as that of California. (that of = the climate of).
  • Classes in the university are more difficult than those in the college. (those in = the classes in).
  • The baskel ball games at the university are better than those of  the high school.
  • Your accent is not as strong as my mother’s (my mother’s = my mother’s accent).
  • My sewing machine is better than Jane’s (Jane’s = Jane’s sewing machine).
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2 Comments

Posted by on March 5, 2012 in English Lessons & Exercises

 

Tags: , , , , , ,

2 responses to “Comparisons (Continuation – final).

  1. Puteriamirillis

    March 5, 2012 at 4:35 pm

    waah bunda i like it…

     
    • ycancerina

      March 6, 2012 at 11:50 am

      Thank you Puteriamirillis. We both do like it. Let’s learn together.

       

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