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COMPARISONS (Con’d))

04 Mar

Hereunder comes the second comparisons:

Unequal comparisons:

This type of comparative implies that the entities are comparable in a greater or lesser degree. The following rules generally apply to this type of comparative: (Free translations for you: Bentuk perbandingan ini menunjukkan bahwa perbandingan tersebut bisa pada tingkat “lebih besar” atau “lebih kecil”. Formula yang diberlakukan untuk bentuk tingkat perbadingan ini adalah sbb.):

  1. Add – er — to the adjective base of most one-syllable and two-syllable adjectives. (i.e.: thick – thicker, soon – sooner, quiet – quiter).(Tambahkan – er – untuk kata sifat yang terdiri dari satu suku-kata dan dua suku-kata: thick – thicker, soon – sooner, quiet – quieter).
  2. Use the form more + adjective for most three-syllabe adjectives. (more beautiful, more important, more believable).(Pakailah more + adjective untuk kata sifat yang terdiri dari tiga suku-kata. (more beautiful, more important, more believable).
  3. Use the form more + adjective for adjectives ending in the following suffixed: -ed, -ful, -ing, and -ous (more useful, more boring, more cautious).(Pakailah more + adjective untuk kata yang berakhiran -ed, -ful, -ing, dan -ous (more useful, more boring, more cautious).
  4. Double the final consonant of one-syllable adjectives which end in a single consonant and are preceded by a single vowel. (big-bigger, red-redder, hot-hotter).(untuk kata sifat yang terdiri dari 1 suku-kata dan berakhir dengan huruf mati, maka huruf mati tersebut harus digandakan. (big – bigger, red-reder, hot-hotter).
  5. When an adjective ends in a consonant “y”, change the y to i and add -er (happy – happier, dry – drier). (Kalau kata sifat tersebut berakhir dengan “y” ubahlah y dengan I kemudian tambahkan “er” (happy – happier, dry – drier).

Note: The -er suffix means exactly the same as more. Therefore, they can NEVER be used together. It is NOT CORRECT to day:

  • More prettier, more faster, more better.

One can add -er to only a few adverbs: faster, quicker, sooner and later.

Examples:

  • John’s grades are higher than his sister’s     (adjective).
  • Today is hotter than yesterday  (adjective)
  • This chair is more comfortable than the other.
  • He speaks Spanish more fluently than I (adverb).
  • He visits his family less frequently than she does. (adverb).
  • This year’s exhibit is less impressive than last year’s (adjective)

Unequal comparisons can be further intensified by adding much or far before the comparative form. (Unequal comparisons bisa juga ditambah dengan kata much or far sebelum bentuk tingkat perbandingan.)

Look at the following formula:

subject + verb + {far/much} + adjective + er + than + {noun/pronoun}

  • Harry’s watch is far more expensive than mine.
  • She dances much more artistically than her predecessor.
  • He speaks English much more rapidly than he does Spanish.
  • His car is far better than yours.

 

To be continued

 

 

 

 

 


 


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