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Affirmative Agreement.

21 Nov

What is Affirmative Agreement?

When indicating that one person or thing does something and then adding that another does the same, use the word so or too. To avoid needless repetition of words from the affirmative statement, use the conjuction and followed by a simple statement using so or too. See the following explanations: (Untuk menyatakan bahwa seseorang mengerjakan suatu hal, sedangkan ada orang lain juga yang mengerjakan hal yang sama, maka kata-kata so atau too harus digunakan. Untuk menghindarkan pengulangan kata yang tidak perlu yang terdapat dalam statement affirmative, maka pakailah “kata penghubung” dengan menempatkan so atau too. Perhatikan penjelasan-penjelasan berikut:)

I.  When a form of the verb BE is used in the main clause, the same tense of the verb Be is used in the simple statement that follows. Look at the following formula:

affirmative statement (be) + and + (subject + verb (be) + too

so +verb (be) + subject.

  • Iam happy, and you are too.
  • I am happy, and so are you.

II. When a compound verb (auxiliary + verb) for example, will go, should do, has done, have written, must examine, etc, occurs in the main clause, the auxiliary of  the main verb is used in the simple statement, and the subject and verb must agree. (Apabila dalam kalimat utama terdapat will go, should do, has done, have written, must examine, maka auxiliary dari kalimat utama digunakan dalam bentuk simple statement begitu juga dengan subject dan kata kerjanya).

  • affirmative statement (compound verb) + and +  {subject + auxiliary only + too}

They will work in the lab tomorrow, and you will too.

  • affirmative statement (compount verb) + and + {so + auxiliary only + subject).

They will work in the lab tomorrow, and so will you.

III. When any verb except be appears without any auxiliaries in the main clause, the auxiliary do, does or did  is used in the simple statement. The subject and verb must agree and the tense must be the same. (Apabila pada kalimat utama ada kata kerja apa saja (kecuali be) muncul tanpa auxiliary, maka auxiliary do, does or did harus digunakan —  pokok dan kata kerjanya harus diselaraskan sesuai dengan waktu yang digunakan). 

  • affirmative statement (single verb except be) + and + {subject + do, does or did + too

Jane goes to that school, and my sister does too.

  • affirmative statement (single verb except be) + and + {so + do, does or did + subject).

Jane goes to that school, and so does my sister.

Additional examples:

  • John went to the mountains on his vacation, and we did too.
  • John went to the mountains on his vacation, and so did we
  • I will be in New Mexico in August, and they will too.
  • I will be in New Mexico in August, and so will they.
  • He has seen her plays, and the girls have too.
  • He has seen her plays, and so have the girls.
  • We are going to the movies tonight, and Suzy is too.
  • We are going to the movies tonight, and so is Suzy
  • She will wear a costume to the party, and we will too.
  • She will wear a contume to the party, and so will we

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Posted by on November 21, 2011 in English Lessons & Exercises

 

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